Obesity is having an excessive amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass that may impair health.
The primary cause is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended.
Treatment goals include to lose 5-10% of body weight or 0.5-1 kg (1-2 lb)/week for 6 months and regain of <3 kg in 2 years and sustained reduction of waist circumference of at least 4 cm.
Strategies are aiming for realistic goals and a multidisciplinary approach that is a combination of dietary change, physical activity and behavioral modification.
A small cohort study presented at the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists (RCOG) World Congress 2018 has reported a 5-year diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) incidence rate of 4.16 percent in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), with generally good maternal and neonatal outcomes.
Dietary glycaemic index (GI) or glycaemic load (GL) does not appear to have any significant effect on serum concentrations of inflammatory cytokines, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), leptin, interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in adults, reports a new study.