Obesity is having an excessive amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass that may impair health.
The primary cause is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended.
Treatment goals include to lose 5-10% of body weight or 0.5-1 kg (1-2 lb)/week for 6 months and regain of <3 kg in 2 years and sustained reduction of waist circumference of at least 4 cm.
Strategies are aiming for realistic goals and a multidisciplinary approach that is a combination of dietary change, physical activity and behavioral modification.
Women with pre-eclampsia or gestational hypertension during their first pregnancy had an increased risk of developing chronic hypertension, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and hypercholesterolaemia than those who were normotensive during pregnancy, according to a study. The risk persisted for several decades later, signalling these hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) as red flags for cardiovascular (CV) health for life.
Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated with sulphonylureas as second-line drugs are at an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI), all-cause mortality and severe hypoglycaemia compared with those who remained on metformin monotherapy, a recent study has found.
There appears to be a nonlinear relationship between total oestradiol and free oestradiol and all-cause mortality among older men, according to data from the Three-City cohort study. Specifically, the association is stronger for cardiovascular disease mortality and nonexistent for cancer mortality.