Obesity is having an excessive amount of body fat that may impair health.
The primary cause is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended.
Treatment goals include addressing the principal cause of weight gain and focusing management on both weight loss and patient-centered health outcomes.
A multidisciplinary approach, that is a combination of dietary change, physical activity and behavioral modification, is recommended.
Not only are probiotics healthy for the gut, they may also be good for the waistline. A recent study shows that supplementation with the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 (Ba8145) improves anthropometric adiposity measures such as waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), and visceral fat area in abdominally obese individuals, particularly in women.
Individuals with asthma may have a tendency to develop obesity, with a higher risk observed among those with adult-onset asthma, according to findings of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) presented at the recent international congress of the European Respiratory Society (ERS 2018).
It appears that undesirable eating behaviour (EB) traits play a part in mediating genetic susceptibility to obesity, according to a recent study, suggesting that EB traits can be targeted in obesity treatment and prevention.
The combination of maternal pregestational diabetes mellitus plus severe obesity is associated with a heightened risk of several psychiatric and mild neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring compared with either obesity or diabetes alone, a study suggests.
A postnatal lifestyle intervention programme (PAIGE) for overweight women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) leads to significantly greater weight loss compared with usual care at 6 months, a recent study has shown.
Elevations in inflammatory protein levels in neonatal blood are associated with obesity among 2-year-old children born extremely premature, a study reports. This suggests that systemic inflammation contributes to the development of obesity.
Mothers who adhere to a healthy lifestyle during their offspring’s childhood and adolescence appear to substantially lower the risk of obesity in their children, suggests a recent study. Of note, observing a healthy lifestyle in both mothers and their children leads to an even lower risk of offspring obesity.
A nasal device that reduces the ability to smell can lead to weight loss and changes in dietary preference for sweet stuff in adults younger than 50 years with obesity, suggesting a novel approach to managing obesity, according to a pilot study presented at the recent European Congress on Obesity (ECO) in Vienna, Austria.
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa,
08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.