Obesity is having an excessive amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass that may impair health.
The primary cause is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended.
Treatment goals include to lose 5-10% of body weight or 0.5-1 kg (1-2 lb)/week for 6 months and regain of <3 kg in 2 years and sustained reduction of waist circumference of at least 4 cm.
Strategies are aiming for realistic goals and a multidisciplinary approach that is a combination of dietary change, physical activity and behavioral modification.
The world has seen a steady rise in the prevalence of excess body weight and the associated cancer burden over the past four decades, according to a study. The number of obese adults has grown sixfold from 100 million in 1975 to 671 million in 2016, with obesity accounting for about 3.9 percent of all cancers in 2012 globally.
High sedentary time (ST) and low moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among nonobese young adults are associated with increased adiposity, reports a new study. However, these factors do not predict change in adiposity over time.
Overweight or obese patients taking lorcaserin as an appetite suppressant may have the added benefit of a reduced risk of incident diabetes, according to results of the CAMELLIA-TIMI 61* trial presented at EASD 2018.
Clinically severe obese individuals may be prone to nutritional deficiencies, with a large number having suboptimal vitamin D levels, according to a study from Singapore. The deficiencies may also differ by ethnicity.
Not only are probiotics healthy for the gut, they may also be good for the waistline. A recent study shows that supplementation with the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 (Ba8145) improves anthropometric adiposity measures such as waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), and visceral fat area in abdominally obese individuals, particularly in women.
Individuals with asthma may have a tendency to develop obesity, with a higher risk observed among those with adult-onset asthma, according to findings of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) presented at the recent international congress of the European Respiratory Society (ERS 2018).
It appears that undesirable eating behaviour (EB) traits play a part in mediating genetic susceptibility to obesity, according to a recent study, suggesting that EB traits can be targeted in obesity treatment and prevention.
The combination of maternal pregestational diabetes mellitus plus severe obesity is associated with a heightened risk of several psychiatric and mild neurodevelopmental disorders in offspring compared with either obesity or diabetes alone, a study suggests.
Greater parity, early age at menarche, or oral contraceptive use may increase a woman’s risk of undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) for severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to findings from the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS).