Obesity is having an excessive amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass that may impair health.
The primary cause is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended.
Treatment goals include to lose 5-10% of body weight or 0.5-1 kg (1-2 lb)/week for 6 months and regain of <3 kg in 2 years and sustained reduction of waist circumference of at least 4 cm.
Strategies are aiming for realistic goals and a multidisciplinary approach that is a combination of dietary change, physical activity and behavioral modification.
Greater parity, early age at menarche, or oral contraceptive use may increase a woman’s risk of undergoing total knee replacement (TKR) for severe knee osteoarthritis (OA), according to findings from the Singapore Chinese Health Study (SCHS).