nutrition%20in%20pregnancy
NUTRITION IN PREGNANCY

Nutrition is the intake of food necessary for optimal health.

Choices regarding maternal nutrition and lifestyle affect maternal and child health.

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that women develop healthy dietary behaviors prior, during and after their pregnancy for optimal maternal and infant health outcomes.

The goal of prenatal nutrition is to provide for the optimal development of the fetus and to support maternal health.

Nutrition%20in%20pregnancy Signs and Symptoms

Introduction

  • Nutrition is the intake of food necessary for optimal health
    • Good nutrition is a well-balanced diet that contains all essential nutrients in optimal amounts while poor nutrition either lacks or has excess nutrients
    • Malnutrition (poor nutrition) can result from insufficient intake of macronutrients eg protein and calories (undernutrition) or from insufficient intake or increased losses of vitamins and minerals (micronutrient malnutrition) due to an unbalanced diet
      • Can also result from overconsumption of non-nutritive calories (overnutrition) or underconsumption of nutrient-rich food
  •  Choices regarding maternal nutrition and lifestyle affect maternal and child health
    • The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that women develop healthy dietary behaviors prior, during and after their pregnancy for optimal maternal and infant health outcomes
    • A pregnant woman’s dietary behavior can influence the development of fetal organs early in pregnancy and fetal growth and brain development later in pregnancy
  • The goal of prenatal nutrition is to provide for the optimal development of the fetus and to support maternal health
  • A healthy pregnancy outcome is brought about by consumption of a healthy and balanced diet with safe food handling, supplementation with the proper vitamins and minerals, appropriate physical activity and weight gain during pregnancy, and avoidance of alcohol and other harmful substances
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2020
Tetanus toxoid 5 Lf, diphtheria toxoid 2 Lf, pertussis toxoid 2.5 mcg, filamentous haemagglutinin 5 mcg, fimbriae types 2 and 3 5 mcg, pertactin 3 mcg
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa, 08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 23 hours ago
Spending too much time sitting cannot be good for the body, and rising to one's feet breaks up such a behaviour and yields small, but meaningful, reductions in certain cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
5 days ago
Daily intake of cow’s milk formula in early life helps prevent the development of cow’s milk allergy later on without competing with breastfeeding, a recent study has found.