nontuberculous%20mycobacterial%20disease
NONTUBERCULOUS MYCOBACTERIAL DISEASE
Nontuberculous mycobacteria are ubiquitous and are usually found in soil, natural and treated water sources. They are relatively uncommon cause of pulmonary disease and likely to cause disseminated disease.
May cause both asymptomatic infection and symptomatic disease in humans.
There is no evidence of animal-to-human or human-to-human transmission in immunocompetent hosts.
Nontuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease is a generally slowly progressive infection.
Signs and symptoms are generally nonspecific.

Nontuberculous%20mycobacterial%20disease Patient Education

Patient Education

  • Advise patient on the importance of adherence to the prescribed treatment regimen, both to achieve cure & to prevent emergence of drug resistance
  • Instruct patients regarding symptoms suggesting adverse drug reactions & advise them to seek assistance when these occur
  • Smoking cessation is important for improved airway function
  • In patients w/ hypersensitivity-like pulmonary disease, complete avoidance of mycobacterial antigen is recommended:
    • Use of indoor hot tub should be avoided for hot tub lung
    • Avoid exposure to metalworking fluid for metal grinders
  • For hot tubs & indoor pools, advise patient to follow maintenance procedures (eg draining & thorough cleaning of the tub & filtering system), patient on the importance of adherence to the prescribed treatment regimen, both to achieve cure & to prevent emergence of drug resistance
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Respirology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 02 Dec 2020

People with HIV (PWH) who are hospitalized due to COVID-19 may have an increased mortality risk, according to a study from the UK.

21 Nov 2020
Ivermectin confers benefits in the treatment of COVID-19, with a recent study showing that its use helps reduce the risk of death especially in patients with severe pulmonary involvement.
Pearl Toh, 19 Dec 2020
With the release of the latest interim efficacy results for ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, the adenovirus-vectored vaccine against COVID-19 is inching a step closer towards regulatory approval — and eventually, widespread use that will hopefully put an end to the relentless carnage by the pandemic.
Elvira Manzano, 12 Dec 2020
Having asthma or allergy does not make COVID-19 severe, a new study presented at ACAAI 2020 has shown.