A healthy diet, defined by adherence to either the Mediterranean diet, the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, or Dutch Health Council dietary guidelines, is predictive of better cognitive function and slower cognitive decline with ageing from middle age onward, a study has shown.
Hand coordination-related brain activation is affected by very preterm birth, with majority of the effects found for the nondominant hand, a recent study has found. Clinical performance during the hand coordination tasks is comparable between adolescents born very preterm and those born at term.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) patients receiving warfarin do not appear to be at higher risk of dementia compared with their counterparts treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), with only edoxaban being associated with a lower risk, according to a study. Meanwhile, DOACs seem more beneficial among older patients with stroke history.
About one out of five patients develop severe complications following an acute ischaemic stroke, a study reports. These serious adverse events (SAEs) are more common among older and male patients and are tied to worse functional outcome.
Endovascular treatment confers no benefit to patients with extensive stroke and may even contribute to an increased risk of haemorrhage and mortality, with the elderly being at the highest risk, a study has found.