mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Pharmacotherapy

Analgesics & Antipyretics

  • Eg Paracetamol, Ibuprofen
  • May be given to relieve fever & discomfort

Non-Pharmacological Therapy

  • Bed rest: Hospitalization is needed for severe orchitis
  • Warm or cold packs over inflamed parotid to relieve discomfort
  • IV fluid administration for patients w/ persistent vomiting
  • “Bridge” support & ice packs, in addition to analgesics, may help relieve orchitis if present
  • Lumbar puncture may help relieve headache associated w/ meningitis, if present
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