mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Definition

  • Mumps is a self-limited, viral disease that normally involves the parotid glands
  • Commonly affects children aged 2-12 yrs, very uncommon in <1 yr of age

Etiology

  • Pathogen belongs to the genus Rubulavirus, a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family
  • Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratort secretion of infected persons
  • Incubation period is typically 14-25 days
  • Generally self-limited; symptoms usually resolve after 10 days

Signs and Symptoms

  • Parotitis
    • May be unilateral, bilateral, combination of single or multiple salivary glands
    • Usually appears w/in 2 days after being infected, accompanied by earache & pain upon palpation of the jawline
    • May present initially as earache, pain on palpation of the jaw angle
  • Constitutional symptoms include fever (often moderate to high grade), headache, myalgia, tiredness, loss of appetite
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Elvira Manzano, 01 Aug 2019
Mums, but not dads, with migraine are more likely to have colicky babies, a large cross-sectional study finds.