mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Definition

  • Mumps is a self-limited, viral disease that normally involves the parotid glands
  • Commonly affects children aged 2-12 yrs, very uncommon in <1 yr of age

Etiology

  • Pathogen belongs to the genus Rubulavirus, a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family
  • Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratort secretion of infected persons
  • Incubation period is typically 14-25 days
  • Generally self-limited; symptoms usually resolve after 10 days

Signs and Symptoms

  • Parotitis
    • May be unilateral, bilateral, combination of single or multiple salivary glands
    • Usually appears w/in 2 days after being infected, accompanied by earache & pain upon palpation of the jawline
    • May present initially as earache, pain on palpation of the jaw angle
  • Constitutional symptoms include fever (often moderate to high grade), headache, myalgia, tiredness, loss of appetite
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 02 Oct 2019
Baseline body mass index (BMI) and, to a lesser extent, school socioeconomic status are associated with subsequent weight status in schoolchildren, according to a study. Lifestyle behaviours show a lower effect as compared with prior BMI, but children with a healthier lifestyle have a reduced risk of overweight and obesity at follow-up.
04 Sep 2019
The use of iron-fortified formula milk in infants between 6–12 months of age may lead to poorer cognitive outcomes, a recent study has shown.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 04 Sep 2019
Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration for bacteraemic urinary tract infection (UTI) in young infants may be safely shortened, according to a recent study showing that recurrence and readmission or emergency department revisitation rates are comparable between a ≤7-day and a longer therapy course.
Audrey Abella, 07 May 2019
Use of electronic vapour products (EVP), or vaping, has been associated with an increased likelihood of engaging in sexual and substance-use risk behaviours among US teenagers, according to data from the 2017 National Youth Risk Behaviour Survey presented at the Paediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2019 Meeting.