mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Definition

  • Mumps is a self-limited, viral disease that normally involves the parotid glands
  • Commonly affects children aged 2-12 yrs, very uncommon in <1 yr of age

Etiology

  • Pathogen belongs to the genus Rubulavirus, a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family
  • Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratort secretion of infected persons
  • Incubation period is typically 14-25 days
  • Generally self-limited; symptoms usually resolve after 10 days

Signs and Symptoms

  • Parotitis
    • May be unilateral, bilateral, combination of single or multiple salivary glands
    • Usually appears w/in 2 days after being infected, accompanied by earache & pain upon palpation of the jawline
    • May present initially as earache, pain on palpation of the jaw angle
  • Constitutional symptoms include fever (often moderate to high grade), headache, myalgia, tiredness, loss of appetite
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
13 Jul 2019
The consumption of red and processed meats does not seem to affect the likelihood of symptom relapse among Crohn’s disease (CD) patients in relapse, reports a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from the large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.
6 days ago
Fluticasone, swallowed from a multidose inhaler, and oral viscous budesonide slurry have comparable efficacies as initial treatment for eosinophilic oesophagitis, a recent study has found.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
In patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI), admission Killip classification and creatinine and troponin levels are important cardiac mortality predictors, according to a recent Singapore study.