Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.
Children under 2 years who received the measles-mumps-rubella-varicella (MMRV) vaccine as a second measles-containing vaccine (MCV) following an MMR vaccine did not have an elevated risk of febrile seizures (FSs), according to an Australian study. The introduction of the MMRV vaccine also increased MCV coverage in Australia.
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Baseline body mass index (BMI) and, to a lesser extent, school socioeconomic status are associated with subsequent weight status in schoolchildren, according to a study. Lifestyle behaviours show a lower effect as compared with prior BMI, but children with a healthier lifestyle have a reduced risk of overweight and obesity at follow-up.
Late presentation of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) leads to open surgery and is potentially rooted in the lack of institutionalized newborn clinical screening, according to a Singapore study.