mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Prevention

Mumps Vaccine

  • Available as a single-antigen preparation or combined w/ other vaccines [eg mumps & rubella (MMR), or also w/ varicella (MMRV)]
    • Single-antigen is not routinely recommended
    • Based on several studies, a single dose of MMR is 75-91% effective while vaccine effectiveness of 88% is seen w/ 2 doses
    • MMRV is approved for use in healthy children 1-12 yrs of age
  • Single-antigen (MMR) is indicated for children ≥1 yr of age w/ low risk for mumps exposure
  • Second-dose MMR is indicated for children 4-6 yr of age at high risk for mumps exposure
  • Second dose should be given >1 mth after the 1st dose
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