mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Prevention

Mumps Vaccine

  • Available as a single-antigen preparation or combined w/ other vaccines [eg mumps & rubella (MMR), or also w/ varicella (MMRV)]
    • Single-antigen is not routinely recommended
    • Based on several studies, a single dose of MMR is 75-91% effective while vaccine effectiveness of 88% is seen w/ 2 doses
    • MMRV is approved for use in healthy children 1-12 yrs of age
  • Single-antigen (MMR) is indicated for children ≥1 yr of age w/ low risk for mumps exposure
  • Second-dose MMR is indicated for children 4-6 yr of age at high risk for mumps exposure
  • Second dose should be given >1 mth after the 1st dose
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
DOWNLOAD
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Audrey Abella, 31 Jan 2017
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) treatment for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants did not reduce the odds of mortality or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), a recent US study found.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 13 Oct 2016
Children born to obese mothers are at increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared with children born to normal-weight mothers, according to data from a review and meta-analysis.
Yap Te-Lu, Anette Sundfor Jacobsen, 01 Oct 2013

Antenatal hydronephrosis (ANH) is a general term used to describe the dilatation of the fetal renal pelvis and/or its calyces. In pelviectasis, there is only dilatation of the renal pelvis; while in caliectasis, there is dilatation of the calyces. ANH is the most commonly diagnosed congenital urinary tract anomaly, which is detected by prenatal screening in 1–5% of all pregnancies