mumps
MUMPS
Mumps is a self-limited viral disease characterized by nonsuppurative swelling and tenderness of one or both parotid glands.
It commonly affects the children aged 2-12 years and very uncommon in <1 year of age.
It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus classified under Paramyxoviridae family or mumps virus.
Transmission is through airborne droplets from respiratory secretion of infected persons.
Incubation period is typically 14-21 days.

Diagnosis

  • Diagnosis is based on clinical findings

History

  • Mumps should be considered in patients presenting w/ parotitis of at least 2 days duration that cannot be attributed to other causes

Laboratory Tests

  • Serologic test is the simplest method of confirming mumps infection
    • Enzyme immunoassay is the commonly used test
    • Presence of IgM antibody is diagnostic; usually detected during the 1st few days of illness & peaked a wk after the onset of illness
    • A fourfold rise in IgG antibody titer in acute- & convalescent-phase serum specimens is also diagnostic
    • IgG testing during the convalescent phase should be done 2 wk after collection of IgM levels
  • Viral isolation is also confirmatory of mumps infection

Complications

  • Orchitis
  • Deafness
  • Meningitis
  • Oophoritis
  • Myocarditis
  • Nephritis
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
13 Jul 2019
The consumption of red and processed meats does not seem to affect the likelihood of symptom relapse among Crohn’s disease (CD) patients in relapse, reports a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 6 days ago
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from the large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.
13 Jul 2019
Treatment with metformin may improve whole-body and peripheral insulin resistance (IR) in youth who are overweight/obese with type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study.
6 days ago
Fluticasone, swallowed from a multidose inhaler, and oral viscous budesonide slurry have comparable efficacies as initial treatment for eosinophilic oesophagitis, a recent study has found.