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MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS
Multiple sclerosis is an acquired chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the brain and the spinal cord characterized by presence of multiple discrete areas of myelin loss within the CNS and subsequent axonal degeneration.
Affects more women than man; however, men are more likely to have a malignant clinical course.
A multiple sclerosis attack is usually characterized by any neurological disturbance with minimum 24 hours duration, in the absence of fever or infection.

Patient Education

Patient and Family Education

  • Provide information about multiple sclerosis to the patient, the patient’s family and caregivers
  • Enable patient to make informed decisions regarding the course of diagnosis and therapy
  • Psychosocial, vocational, educational issues will need to be addressed without patient
  • Support groups may be helpful to patient
  • Encourage patient to exercise
  • Advise patient to take linoleic acid-rich food (eg corn, sunflower, soya and safflower oils)
  • Encourage patient to stop smoking as it can increase the progression of multiple sclerosis
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29 Apr 2016
This article presents the excerpts from the Inaugural Meeting of the Dementia Advisory Board Malaysia held on 23 January 2016 in Kuala Lumpur, highlighting the clinical evidence of Ginkgo biloba extract EGb761® in dementia, treatment recommendations from international guidelines and consensus reached during the meeting on the role of EGb761® in managing dementia.
Christina Lau, 23 Nov 2018

Use of a ginkgo biloba extract on top of standard preventive treatment is shown to improve cognitive function and overall condition after acute ischaemic stroke.