Multiple sclerosis is an acquired chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the brain and the spinal cord characterized by presence of multiple discrete areas of myelin loss within the CNS and subsequent axonal degeneration.
Affects more women than man; however, men are more likely to have a malignant clinical course.
A multiple sclerosis attack is usually characterized by any neurological disturbance with minimum 24 hours duration, in the absence of fever or infection.

Patient Education

Patient and Family Education

  • Provide information about multiple sclerosis to the patient, the patient’s family and caregivers
  • Enable patient to make informed decisions regarding the course of diagnosis and therapy
  • Psychosocial, vocational, educational issues will need to be addressed without patient
  • Support groups may be helpful to patient
  • Encourage patient to exercise
  • Advise patient to take linoleic acid-rich food (eg corn, sunflower, soya and safflower oils)
  • Encourage patient to stop smoking as it can increase the progression of multiple sclerosis
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