Multiple sclerosis is an acquired chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the brain and the spinal cord characterized by presence of multiple discrete areas of myelin loss within the CNS and subsequent axonal degeneration.
Affects more women than man; however, men are more likely to have a malignant clinical course.
A multiple sclerosis attack is usually characterized by any neurological disturbance with minimum 24 hours duration, in the absence of fever or infection.
Early treatment with currently available immunotherapeutic agents can delay the progression of disability and confer long-term benefits for patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), an international study finds.
Low levels of sun exposure throughout childhood appears to be associated with an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis in adulthood, a study reports. Notably, the risk is greatest in those who spend most time indoors and use sun protection frequently in their limited time outdoors.
Fingolimod was superior to the standard of care, interferon beta-1a, in reducing relapses and lesion accumulation in children and adolescents with multiple sclerosis (MS) over 2 years, although the treatment was associated with more serious adverse events than the comparator, according to the landmark PARADIGMS study, which forms the basis for the recent expansion of FDA’s approval of this drug to include children and adolescents.
High intake of fish enriched with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) combined with fish oil supplements were associated with a lower risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS), according to the MS Sunshine Study presented at the AAN 2018 Annual Meeting.
Cessation of natalizumab treatment just after conception and prompt resumption after delivery may reduce the risk of disease relapse in pregnant women with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS), a new study has shown.
A vestibular rehabilitation programme (BEEMS*) integrating balance and eye movement exercises can help improve balance, dizziness, and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), who commonly encountered these problems which can lead to falls and limited mobility, according to a new study.
Treating newly diagnosed relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) with the anti-CD20 B-cell depleting agent rituximab led to less treatment discontinuation and disease relapse compared with traditional first-line disease-modifying treatment (DMT) choices, according to a Swedish real-world study.
The off-label use of rituximab in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) confers better outcomes than otherdisease-modifying therapies (DMTs), according to a Swedish observational study. [JAMA Neurol 2018, doi: 10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.4011]
High energy intake from fat, particularly saturated fat, appears to increase the hazard to relapse in children with multiple sclerosis (MS), but eating vegetables may be independently protective, suggests a recent study.
Traumatic brain injury, which is signalled by more than one concussion diagnosis, during adolescence presents an increased risk of developing multiple sclerosis, a study suggests. This increased MS risk may be attributed to the initiation of an autoimmune process in the central nervous system.
Individuals who are married or report being very satisfied with life have a lower risk of developing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia, according to results from the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study (SLAS).
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 01 - 15 March 2019 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It
does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have
occurred since the original approval date.
Tobacco use in patients with fibromyalgia leads to cognitive dysfunction, in addition to worsening of fibromyalgia symptoms and quality of life and aggravation of sleep problems and anxiety, a study has found.