Since its introduction in 1975, ultrasound imaging has played an important role in assisting clinical diagnosis. Ultrasound is a painless, noninvasive and radiation-free procedure that captures the images of soft tissues, which oftentime do not show up well on X-rays. This article discusses technological advancements in ultrasound imaging, focusing on recent advances in point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) technology.
Through a cardiology webcast hosted by Pfizer, Dr Jeyamalar Rajadurai, Dr Salim Virani and Dr Pamela Morris shared their insights into the importance of primary prevention measures in reducing the burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD).
Literature suggests that IPF is either the first or second most common interstitial lung disease (ILD) in pulmonology practice, with prevalence ranging from 17–86%. At the recent 3rd Respiratory Forum organized by Boehringer Ingelheim, Dr Felix Chua shared his insights into the importance of advancing the treatment paradigm of IPF, and the role of nintedanib (OFEV®) in its management.
The human body is home to an estimated 100 trillion microbial cells and a quadrillion viruses, which are collectively known as the human microbiota. Recently, the human microbiota has gained the attention of the scientific fraternity for its roles in health and diseases, with some quarters referring to it as the 'forgotten organ'. Imbalances in the usual composition of commensal or symbiotic species in a localized area of the body is known as microbial shift or dysbiosis, and this condition may result in infections caused by opportunistic pathogens, thereby impacting the natural defence mechanism of the human body.
The prevalence of allergic diseases in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to rise over the next 20 years, driven by rapid economic development and urbanization. Allergic diseases have high socioeconomic impact by impairing productivity and quality of life, and the impact may be greater in Asia-Pacific than in Europe due to the presence and predominance of perennial allergens.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that
can present in many different forms. However, it is principally
characterized by dry skin, intense itching, and the presence of
inflammatory skin lesions. [J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
2016;30:604-618; N Engl J Med 2008;358:1483-1494; Lancet
Of the newly identified genetic loci for primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG), two are significantly associated with primary angle-closure suspect (PACS), indicating involvement in the earlier stages of the disease, a recent Singapore study has shown.
In males with primary or secondary hypogonadism (HG), adherence to topical testosterone therapy (TTh) appears to improve total testosterone and decrease the risk of conditions associated with HG, a recent study has shown.