All Helicobacters are urease-positive, able to convert aminoacids and urea into ammonia to neutralize stomach acid, andhighly mobile – characteristics that help them invade the mucosallayer to evade the body’s immune response. Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is linked to peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis,gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, andearly gastric cancer. The infection rate of H. pylori is over 80% indeveloping countries and 20–50% in industrialized nations, withover 4.4 billion people testing positive for the bacteria in 2015.1,2
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is on the rise owing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. As such, when considering treatment for patients who are overweight or obese, clinicians should be aware of potential weight gain that is associated with antidiabetic medication.
At the 4th Respiratory Forum, jointly organized by theMalaysian Thoracic Society and Boehringer Ingelheim,two distinguished speakers addressed the use ofdual bronchodilators versus triple therapy in chronicobstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and discussedabout updates from recent clinical trials.
At a recent Boehringer Ingelheim-sponsored symposium held in conjunction with the National Heart Association of Malaysia Congress 2019, two distinguished speakers discussed the importance of cardiovascular (CV) risk management in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and highlighted the role of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in reducing the risk of adverse CV outcomes.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains as one of the world’s leading causes of mortality in global public health. Dr Charles Hicks shared his insights into the increasing role of dolutegravir (DTG; Tivicay, GSK) – an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) – in HIV therapy during the 4th National AIDS Conference 2018 at Swiss Garden International Hotel and Residences, Kuala Lumpur.
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
In conjunction with TRB Chemedica’s 30th anniversary, a panel of distinguished speakers shared their insights into the management of the associated disorders surrounding dry eye disease (DED) at the HOPE Symposium.
The 17th Congress of Asia Pacific Federation of Coloproctology held at Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre saw many local and international experts speaking on various topics in the field of coloproctology. In a symposium chaired by Dato’ Dr Meheshinder Singh, a panel of experts from France and India discussed the results of the CHORUS study, which investigated the association between haemorrhoidal disease (HD) and chronic venous disease (CVD), as well as the efficacy of micronized purified flavonoid fraction (MPFF) in HD.
At a Boehringer Ingelheim-sponsored symposium, held in conjunction with the joint 12th International Diabetes Federation Western PacificRegion Congress & 10th Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes Scientific Meeting in Kuala Lumpur, two prominent speakers discussed therapidly evolving treatment landscape for diabetes, focusing on the implications of heart failure (HF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in thediabetes continuum.
At a recent Abbott lunch symposium held in conjunction with the joint 12th International Diabetes FederationWestern Pacific Region Congress & 10th Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes Scientific Meeting in KualaLumpur, Professor Shashank R. Joshi extensively discussed the issue of diabetes in obesity and the role of nutritionalintervention in addressing this growing problem.
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from a large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.