Old age and a history of atrial fibrillation, heart failure, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease are associated with an increased risk for hospital readmission, suggests a study. Enhanced surveillance efforts and tailored educational and treatment approaches are needed.
Use of thiazide is independently associated with electrolyte disorders, such as hyponatraemia and hypokalaemia, and the effect appears to be dose-dependent and highly variable depending on the type of substance, a study has found.
A recent study has shown no significant rise in trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) or platelet reactivity in healthy individuals who consumed four eggs daily, despite high choline content in egg yolks. However, choline bitartrate supplements providing similar total choline has increased both TMAO and platelet reactivity, indicating that the form and source of dietary choline differentially contribute to systemic TMAO levels and platelet responsiveness.
Anticoagulant therapy appears to cut the risk of 29-day mortality in hospitalized COVID-19 patients who are receiving steroids and whose comorbidity and thrombosis risk may differ from those of other ethnic groups, as shown in a Japanese cohort study.
Individuals with a family history of Barrett's oesophagus or oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) are at risk of developing the said diseases, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Alcohol consumption during late adolescence and early adulthood was associated with increased arterial stiffness, which may lead to future cardiovascular events, according to a study presented at ESC 2021.
The combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab improved progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) compared with physician’s choice of treatment (TPC) among patients with advanced endometrial cancer with prior exposure to platinum-based therapy, regardless of DNA mismatch repair (MMR) status, according to results of a phase III study presented at IGCS 2021.
The Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment Short Form (PG-SGA SF) seems to be a better screening tool for malnutrition risk than the body mass index (BMI)-reliant Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), a recent study has found.
While both mRNA vaccines available on the market are strongly protective against SARS-CoV-2 infection and severe COVID-19 illness, emerging real-world data suggest that Moderna’s mRNA-1273 is more effective than Pfizer-BioNTech’s BNT162b2 vaccine in the face of Delta predominance.