Exposure to secondhand smoke during childhood is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) later in life, thus presenting childhood secondhand smoke exposure as a modifiable risk factor for AF, the Framingham Heart Study finds.
The mortality rate for patients who undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for de-novo three-vessel disease or left main coronary artery disease (CAD) is comparable at 10 years. However, CABG may be preferable for those with three-vessel disease, according to the SYNTAX Extended Survival (SYNTAXES) study, a 10-year follow-up of the SYNTAX* trial.
Binge drinking in Singapore is less prevalent than internationally, and most binge drinkers engage in the practice only now and then, as reported in a recent study. Despite this trend, binge drinking is associated with a myriad of mental health conditions and reduced quality of life.
Low-risk histopathologic features at primary enucleation are predicted by the presence of macular sparing, optic nerve visibility, <1 quadrant of retinal detachment (RD) or a combination thereof, which suggest safe trial eye salvage, according to a study. No clinical sign is associated with high-risk histopathologic features.
Helicobacter pylori treatment for 2 weeks and vitamin or garlic supplementation for 7 years have significantly lowered the risk of death due to gastric cancer during 22.3 years of follow-up, according to a recent study. H pylori treatment and vitamin supplementation are also associated with a reduced incidence of gastric cancer.
A simulation-based education for physicians has failed to improve the rate of elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) prescribed with oral anticoagulants (OACs) at hospital discharge relative to the usual practice, a study has shown.
Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.