Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common primary tumour arising from the kidney, constituting approximately 80–85% of primary renal neoplasms. According to the Malaysian National Cancer Registry Report 2007–2011, RCC accounts for 62.8% of all kidney cancers nationwide. RCC typically occurs approximately 50% more commonly in men compared with women, and predominantly occurs in the sixth to eighth decade of life.
In an environment where children can interact openly, highly infectious diseases, such asinfluenza, have the potential to spread among childrenand those they come in contact with. Once infected,parents or siblings may have to take time off work or school to recover and to avoid spreading the disease to other healthy individuals.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10, ubiquinone) is a fat-soluble, potent physiological antioxidant that is required for the production of cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP). CoQ10 can be obtained through tissue synthesis and diet, and it has been widely studied in patients with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. The effects of oral CoQ10 supplementation in different patient subgroups are presented here.
All Helicobacters are urease-positive, able to convert aminoacids and urea into ammonia to neutralize stomach acid, andhighly mobile – characteristics that help them invade the mucosallayer to evade the body’s immune response. Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is linked to peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis,gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, andearly gastric cancer. The infection rate of H. pylori is over 80% indeveloping countries and 20–50% in industrialized nations, withover 4.4 billion people testing positive for the bacteria in 2015.1,2
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is on the rise owing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. As such, when considering treatment for patients who are overweight or obese, clinicians should be aware of potential weight gain that is associated with antidiabetic medication.
At the 4th Respiratory Forum, jointly organized by the Malaysian Thoracic Society and Boehringer Ingelheim,two distinguished speakers addressed the use of dual bronchodilators versus triple therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and discussed about updates from recent clinical trials.
At a recent Boehringer Ingelheim-sponsored symposium held in conjunction with the National Heart Association of Malaysia Congress 2019, two distinguished speakers discussed the importance of cardiovascular (CV) risk management in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and highlighted the role of sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors in reducing the risk of adverse CV outcomes.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) remains as one of the world’s leading causes of mortality in global public health. Dr Charles Hicks shared his insights into the increasing role of dolutegravir (DTG; Tivicay, GSK) – an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI) – in HIV therapy during the 4th National AIDS Conference 2018 at Swiss Garden International Hotel and Residences, Kuala Lumpur.
Urogenital infections remain a major reason for women to visit their family physician and their subsequent referral to obstetrics and gynaecology or urology specialists. The association between abnormal vaginal microbiota and an increased risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), as well as an increased rate of preterm labour, indicates the need to better understand and manage urogenital health in women. Probiotics are “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host”. As such, there is a sound rationale for using probiotics to maintain female vaginal and bladder health.
In conjunction with TRB Chemedica’s 30th anniversary, a panel of distinguished speakers shared their insights into the management of the associated disorders surrounding dry eye disease (DED) at the HOPE Symposium.
Adding the neuraminidase inhibitor oseltamivir to usual care speeds up recovery from influenza-like illness by a day compared with usual care alone, with even greater benefits seen in older, sicker patients with comorbidities, according to the ALIC4E study.
At a Menarini-sponsored symposium held during the Asian Pacific Society Congress, renowned cardiologist Prof John Camm provided the latest evidence for chronic stable angina with or without concomitant diseases, with a special focus on the antianginal agent ranolazine and combination therapies. The event was chaired and moderated by Dr Dante Morales from the University of the Philippines College of Medicine.