At the recent 10th Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society (MEMS) Annual Congress(MAC) held in Hilton Kuala Lumpur, Dr Wong Ming, a consultant endocrinologist from Sunway Medical Centre, spoke on the role of non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non–HDL-c) as an emerging marker and treatment target for cardiovascular (CV) disease. Additionally, she also highlighted the role of fenofibrate in delaying and preventing diabetic retinopathy (DR).
Prof. Vincent Wong, Prof. Ray Kim, Dr. Tan Poh Seng, 20190910083343
Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains a major public health concern because of its worldwide distribution and potential adverse sequelae, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). At a recent symposium held during the GIHep Singapore 2019, Professor Vincent Wong from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Professor Ray Kim from the Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, US, discussed antiviral treatments for CHB, with a focus on the novel agent tenofovir alafenamide (Vemlidy®). Dr Tan Poh Seng from the National University Hospital, Singapore, chaired the symposium.
Prof. Rafael R. Castillo, Dr. Hyo Seung Ahn, 20190820000000
Major trials have demonstrated the benefits of beta-blockers in the treatment of hypertension.1 At a recent symposium held during the Asian Paciﬁc Society of Cardiology 2019 Congress in Manila, Philippines, experts discussed the latest guidelines on hypertension treatment, with a focus on the role of the 3rd generation beta-blocker, nebivolol. The symposium was chaired by Dr Dante D. Morales, Clinical Associate Professor at the University of the Philippines College of Medicine, and featured renowned cardiologists Prof Rafael R. Castillo and Dr Hyo Seung Ahn.
The cost of hospitalization for complications associatedwith influenza can be reduced significantly through theprevention of influenza infection.5 Cost savings mayincrease exponentially if one considers the control ofinfluenza outbreaks, especially in the aged care homesetting.
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common primary tumour arising from the kidney, constituting approximately 80–85% of primary renal neoplasms. According to the Malaysian National Cancer Registry Report 2007–2011, RCC accounts for 62.8% of all kidney cancers nationwide. RCC typically occurs approximately 50% more commonly in men compared with women, and predominantly occurs in the sixth to eighth decade of life.
In an environment where children can interact openly, highly infectious diseases, such asinfluenza, have the potential to spread among childrenand those they come in contact with. Once infected,parents or siblings may have to take time off work or school to recover and to avoid spreading the disease to other healthy individuals.
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10, ubiquinone) is a fat-soluble, potent physiological antioxidant that is required for the production of cellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP). CoQ10 can be obtained through tissue synthesis and diet, and it has been widely studied in patients with cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. The effects of oral CoQ10 supplementation in different patient subgroups are presented here.
All Helicobacters are urease-positive, able to convert aminoacids and urea into ammonia to neutralize stomach acid, andhighly mobile – characteristics that help them invade the mucosallayer to evade the body’s immune response. Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) is linked to peptic ulcer disease, chronic gastritis,gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, andearly gastric cancer. The infection rate of H. pylori is over 80% indeveloping countries and 20–50% in industrialized nations, withover 4.4 billion people testing positive for the bacteria in 2015.1,2
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is on the rise owing to the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. As such, when considering treatment for patients who are overweight or obese, clinicians should be aware of potential weight gain that is associated with antidiabetic medication.
At the 4th Respiratory Forum, jointly organized by the Malaysian Thoracic Society and Boehringer Ingelheim,two distinguished speakers addressed the use of dual bronchodilators versus triple therapy in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and discussed about updates from recent clinical trials.
Patients undergoing chemotherapy for breast or haematological cancers could potentially reduce their risk of chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity with the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), or beta-blockers as primary prevention, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis presented at the recent EuroEcho 2019 conference.
Use of isatuximab (Isa) in combination with pomalidomide and dexamethasone (PomDex) appears to lead to more favourable outcomes in elderly patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) as compared with PomDex alone, according to the results of a subgroup analysis of the ICARIA-MM trial presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology (ASH 2019).