The human body is home to an estimated 100 trillion microbial cells and a quadrillion viruses, which are collectively known as the human microbiota. Recently, the human microbiota has gained the attention of the scientific fraternity for its roles in health and diseases, with some quarters referring to it as the 'forgotten organ'. Imbalances in the usual composition of commensal or symbiotic species in a localized area of the body is known as microbial shift or dysbiosis, and this condition may result in infections caused by opportunistic pathogens, thereby impacting the natural defence mechanism of the human body.
The prevalence of allergic diseases in the Asia-Pacific region is expected to rise over the next 20 years, driven by rapid economic development and urbanization. Allergic diseases have high socioeconomic impact by impairing productivity and quality of life, and the impact may be greater in Asia-Pacific than in Europe due to the presence and predominance of perennial allergens.
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that
can present in many different forms. However, it is principally
characterized by dry skin, intense itching, and the presence of
inflammatory skin lesions. [J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
2016;30:604-618; N Engl J Med 2008;358:1483-1494; Lancet
At the 8th Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society (MEMS) Annual Congress 2017 recently held in Kuala Lumpur, consultant endocrinologist Professor Siew-Pheng Chan spoke on the importance of lipid control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with atherogenic dyslipidaemia (AD), highlighting the role of fenofibrate in the management of diabetic retinopathy.
At a GlaxoSmithKline-sponsored symposium during the Malaysian Thoracic Society Annual Congress 2017, Dr Celeste Mae Lardizabal-Campomanes presented on three key strategies of optimizing asthma treatment.
Compared to triple therapy, dual antithrombotic therapy yields reduced bleeding without excess ischaemic and thromboembolic cardiac events in patients with long-term indication to chronic oral anticoagulation following percutaneous coronary intervention, according to a new study.
Exposure to antibiotics during pregnancy, but not in infantile age, appears to carry an increased risk of developing very early onset (VEO) inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children, as reported in a study from Sweden.
The total number of shockwave therapy significantly affects treatment efficacy, according to a recent study, which has shown improved sexual function in erectile dysfunction patients undergoing 12 vs 6 shockwave therapy sessions.
Laparoscopic adhesiolysis in carefully selected patients with chronic abdominal pain confers positive effect lasting beyond 15 years after surgery, according to a new study. However, various abdominal symptoms persist even as patients report pain relief.