Adding folic acid (vitamin B9) to daily treatment of enalapril reduced the risk of first stroke in Chinese adults with hypertension, especially among those with low platelet count (PLT) and high total homocysteine (tHcy), according to post hoc analysis of the CSPPT*.
The sum of individuals with hypertension is large and the increase in disease prevalence is pronounced, according to cardiology specialist Dr Jorge Sison who spoke at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology (APSC) Congress 2018. Consequently, metabolic syndrome is now more prevalent in the region.
Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) offer better efficacy and safety, especially in terms of risk of stroke and major bleeding, respectively than warfarin for Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a presentation at APSC Congress 2018. The benefits were also greater for Asians compared with non-Asians.
Aside from its physical benefits, resistance exercise training (RET) appears to also produce improvements in depressive symptoms regardless of RET volume and health status, according to a recent meta-analysis.
Whether the 2017 ACC/AHA* blood pressure (BP) guidelines should be adopted in Asian countries was the topic of a much-anticipated discussion here at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology (APSC) Congress 2018 in Taiwan last week.
The risk of being involved in serious road traffic accidents (RTAs) is highest among child pedestrians, but several local RTA victims are motor vehicle passengers, according to a Singapore study. In addition, there is also a dismal rate of use of appropriate restraints or protective headgear for children while on the road.
Implementation of an electronic national early warning score information system may cut the rate of in-hospital cardiac arrest, as well as improve the rate of survival to discharge, as shown in a study presented at the Asian Pacific Society of Cardiology (APSC) Congress 2018.
Dolutegravir (DTG) provides good efficacy and is well-tolerated in adults with HIV/TB (human immunodeficiency virus/tuberculosis) coinfection who are on RIF (rifampin)-based TB treatment, says a specialist.
Dairy consumption during adolescence or early adulthood does not appear to be associated with the overall risk of breast cancer, although results vary by hormone receptor status of tumours, a study has shown. Specifically, dairy intake is linked to higher ER–/PR– and lower ER+/PR+ cancer risk.
The combined use of piperacillin and tazobactam does not appear to be a suitable alternative to meropenem for patients with bloodstream infections caused by ceftriaxone-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), according to results of the MERINO* trial.
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at increased risk of developing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or heart failure, although the prevalence of traditional risk factors for such cardiovascular disorders appears to be low, as reported in a recent study.
Early renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI) leads to better short- and long-term renal outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with antiphospholipid-associated nephropathy (aPLN), according to a study, adding that this renal protective effect is independent of RASI’s antihypertensive and antiproteinuric effects.