It appears that chronic pain is a risk factor for suicide, suggests a study, noting that access to quality pain care and adherence to clinical guidelines may improve pain management and patient safety.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease control appears to be better with continued 4-mg baricitinib treatment than with a 2-mg dose step-down approach, according to substudy data from the ongoing phase III RA-BEYOND extension trial.
In patients receiving foecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), high levels of Candida albicans may be associated with poor outcomes, a recent study has shown.
A novel light therapy which combines infrared, red and violet light emitted through LEDs* appears safe and improves the conditions of finger ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), a pilot study shows.
The use of fingolimod was associated with a lower rate of relapse and less accumulation of lesions on MRI compared with interferon beta-1a in paediatric patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), the phase III PARADIGMS study has shown.
Lifestyle interventions incorporating diet and exercise slash the need for antihypertensive medications by more than half among overweight or obese adults with high blood pressure (BP), according to a secondary analysis of the ENCORE trial presented at the Joint Hypertension 2018 Scientific Sessions.
There is a greater risk of urinary tract infection (UTI)-related hospitalization and death among older patients with renal impairment presenting to primary care with a UTI, according to a study, indicating a need for interventions that reduce the risk of these adverse outcomes.
Treatment with low-dose aspirin appears to reduce the risk of serious vascular events in diabetic individuals without evident cardiovascular disease at baseline, although this risk decrease is achieved with an accompanying increase in the rates of major bleeding events, according to data from the ASCEND trial.
Substituting diets high in carbohydrates with those high in monounsaturated fatty acids in the context of low saturated fatty acids do not appear to yield favourable effects on blood pressure, according to a meta-analysis.
Among obese and overweight adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, women appear to be less likely than men to develop mild cognitive impairment, independent of traditional risk factors, a recent study has shown.