Midpregnancy maternal body mass index (BMI) and glycaemia show an independent and additive association with direct adiposity measures in children aged 10–14 years, suggests a study. The combination of maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) correlates with the highest risk of childhood adiposity.
Condomless anal intercourse (CAI), even among serodiscordant (SD-CAI) participants, is common among young, gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (YGBMSM) living with HIV with detectable viral loads, a recent study has shown.
More men than women die from SARS-CoV-2 infection, although it remains uncertain whether this difference is driven by biological dissimilarities between the sexes, or disparities in behavioural habits or in rates of comorbidities, according to a study.
Treatment with 15 mCi of radioiodine (RAI) leads to low hypothyroidism rates in adult patients with toxic multinodular goiter (TMNG), with high cure rates and significant volume reduction, according to a study. This effect persists in the long term.
The glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist (RA) dulaglutide shows highly consistent effectiveness on glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and body weight reduction in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), reveals a study. Its effectiveness remains significant even in subgroups of patients poorly represented in randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction increases the risk of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients with lower extremity artery disease (LEAD), a recent study has shown.
In conscious type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients, administering glucagon intranasally is as effective at resolving hypoglycaemia as administering it via intramuscular/subcutaneous injections, according to the results of a meta-analysis.
Use of corticosteroid is not associated with improved outcomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients admitted to the hospital with acute exacerbation (AE), reveals a recent study. In addition, corticosteroids may even contribute to reduced overall survival following exacerbation.
Acne is a common skin problem seen in primary care. Dr Wong
Soon Tee of Assurance Skin Clinic at Mt Elizabeth Novena Hospital, Singapore
shares his insights with Pearl Toh on how to manage acne in the primary care
The perception that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) cause multiple serious adverse effects (AEs) is supported by many internists, who then recommend treatment cessation even in patients at high risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), reveals a study.