Cognitive impairment in chronic kidney disease patients is associated with a lower likelihood of undergoing peritoneal dialysis as a first dialysis modality and of avoiding venous catheter use at dialysis therapy initiation, according to data from the CRIC (Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort) study.
Components of metabolic syndrome increase the relative risk for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) instead of that for its competing event of death, a recent study has shown. In contrast, higher γ-glutamyltransferase levels increase the risk of death before ESKD onset.
In prepubertal females, high adiposity in the abdominal region and ectopic fat accumulation in the skeletal muscle increase cardiometabolic risk in adulthood, a recent study has found. On the other hand, skeletal muscle size and muscle mass are not important cardiometabolic risk factors.
Taking protein supplements with meals, rather than between meals, appears to effectively promote weight control and reduce fat mass without affecting improvements in lean mass in individuals engaging in resistance training, a study has reported.
Graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD), which often presents with a skin rash, is an extremely rare but potentially fatal condition that may occur after solid organ transplantation (SOT), according to a systematic review.
Dairy consumption during adolescence or early adulthood does not appear to be associated with the overall risk of breast cancer, although results vary by hormone receptor status of tumours, a study has shown. Specifically, dairy intake is linked to higher ER–/PR– and lower ER+/PR+ cancer risk.
The combined use of piperacillin and tazobactam does not appear to be a suitable alternative to meropenem for patients with bloodstream infections caused by ceftriaxone-resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), according to results of the MERINO* trial.
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at increased risk of developing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) or heart failure, although the prevalence of traditional risk factors for such cardiovascular disorders appears to be low, as reported in a recent study.
Early renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockade with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI) leads to better short- and long-term renal outcomes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with antiphospholipid-associated nephropathy (aPLN), according to a study, adding that this renal protective effect is independent of RASI’s antihypertensive and antiproteinuric effects.