Dr. Michael Kwan-Lung Ko, Dr. Siu-Yin Wong, 20170710000000
Case 1: A 79-year-old male patient presented initially with acute coronary syndrome and newly diagnosed myeloproliferative neoplasm with high white blood cell and platelet counts. He was stabilized and subsequently discharged with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) (aspirin plus clopidogrel) and hydroxyurea.
Case 2: A 62-year-old female patient with a history of decompensated cryptogenic cirrhosis presented with acute variceal haemorrhage with haematemesis. Emergency OGD revealed three columns of grade 3 oesophageal varices with fibrin clot noted on one of them.
Case 3: A 51-year-old female patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus and hyperlipidaemia was referred to our hepatology clinic for evaluation of deranged liver function.
An 82-year-old lady with hypertension and hyperlipidaemia presented with 2 weeks’ history of increasing breathing difficulty. She had flu-like illness 2 weeks ago with some residual dry cough. Physical examination showed low-grade fever of 37.8°C with mildly elevated jugular venous pressure and mild pedal oedema. There was no obvious murmur, and chest auscultation revealed bilateral basal crepitations. Her blood pressure was 130/80 mm Hg. She required oxygen 1 L/min to maintain blood oxygen saturation level (SpO2) of 94 percent.
Dr. Adrian Ka-Chun Cheng, Dr. Felix Hon-Wai Chan, 20170407000000
Case 1: An 80-year-old man was admitted via the Accident and Emergency Department for syncope.
Case 2: The
patient was an 88-year-old woman with background type 2 diabetes, chronic renal
impairment (estimated creatinine clearance, 15 mL/minute), hypertension, lumbar
spondylosis and Parkinson’s disease.
Case 3: An
82-year-old man was admitted to the medical ward for dizziness for 2 days.
Dr. Loey Lung-Yi Mak, Dr. Michael Ka-Shing Cheung, Prof. Man-Fung Yuen, 20170119000000
A 61-year-old man was referred to our centre due to deranged liver function tests (LFT) in 2010. He had enjoyed good past health and had been asymptomatic all along. He worked as a banker and drank small amounts of alcohol on occasions. Upon admission, he was found to be obese with body mass index (BMI) of 36.2 kg/m2. His blood pressure was 173/86 mm Hg. Physical examination was otherwise unremarkable.
A 55-year-old man presented with almost one year history of heat intolerance, mild palpitation and significant weight loss. Free T3 and T4 were elevated with normal TSH. Patient had suboptimal response to carbimazole therapy.
A 73-year-old man presented with 1 week’s history of progressive epigastric pain. The pain was dull in nature and the patient reported no vomiting or radiation of pain. On presentation, the patient was found to have a low-grade fever (temperature, 37.8°C). There was no tea-coloured urine. The patient had enjoyed good past health except for a previous surgery for spinal injury.
Bisphosphonates have proven antifracture efficacy and remain to be the cornerstone of osteoporosis treatment. However, a drug holiday is of particular importance with bisphosphonates due to some signals with long-term use of the drug, including rare incidence of atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), says a leading endocrinologist at AFOS 2017.
Drinking coffee, whether caffeinated or decaffeinated, is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality in patients with a prior myocardial infarction (MI), according to a recent study.
Breast cancer patients have notably different microbiomes in the local breast tissue and urinary tract, a recent study reveals. Particularly, species in the Methylobacterium genus are reduced in the local breast tissue while the urinary tract is enriched in gram-positive bacteria.
Statin use, particularly in smokers, obese patients and nondiabetics, has a strong and dose-dependent association with decreasing risk of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), according to a new study.