Treatment with the direct-acting antiviral (DAA) combination of glecaprevir and pibrentasvir led to encouraging sustained virological response (SVR) among individuals with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, results of two real-world studies presented at the International Liver Congress™ (ILC 2019) showed.
The trend in liver disease-related mortality in individuals with HIV has changed, with a reduction in the incidence of viral hepatitis-related deaths and an increase in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-related deaths, according to a study presented at the International Liver Congress™ (ILC 2019).
Patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) may benefit from treatment with a 25 mg/day dose of obeticholic acid, according to the interim analysis of the phase III REGENERATE* study presented at the International Liver Congress™ (ILC 2019).
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD, or steatosis) was prevalent in a substantial number of young adults, suggesting an imminent public health crisis if left undiagnosed and untreated, according to data from a large UK trial presented at ILC 2019.
Adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) who progress to advanced liver disease have an elevated risk of mortality compared with non-progressors, according to two separate studies conducted in Germany and France and presented at the International Liver Congress™ (ILC 2019).
Patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection treated with the nucleot(s)ide analogue tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) had a lower risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) than those treated with entecavir, according to data from a large observational study presented at ILC 2019.
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Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.
Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harbouring sensitive EGFR mutations may fare well with the third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib as an upfront therapy, with the results of a network meta-analysis showing that the drug tops other currently available options in terms of progression-free survival and tolerability.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.