Adjunctive daptomycin in addition to standard-of-care (SoC) treatment does not reduce the duration of bloodstream infections caused by methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), according to the DASH* study presented at ID Week 2020.
DAV132, a novel, first-in-class, colon-targeted adsorbent capable of adsorbing a wide range of antibiotics, was well-tolerated in hospitalized elderly patients receiving oral/parenteral fluoroquinolones* (FQs), and protected the intestinal microbiota without influencing the plasma concentration of free FQs, the phase II European SHIELD trial has shown.
Individuals positive for COVID-19 who are asymptomatic carry similar viral loads as symptomatic patients, according to a study on a population in nursing homes presented during IDWeek 2020 — underscoring the importance of personal protective equipment (PPE) to limit viral transmission.
The long-acting injectable combining the INSTI* cabotegravir and the NNRTI** rilpivirine helped maintain virological suppression in HIV-positive individuals, according to the phase IIb POLAR study presented at ID Week 2020.
The investigational combination drug comprising the fourth-generation cephalosporin cefepime and the novel, potent extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) inhibitor enmetazobactam (FPE) demonstrated superiority to the piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ) regimen in patients with complicated* urinary tract infection/acute pyelonephritis (cUTI/AP) caused by ESBL-producing Enterobacterales, according to the results of the ALLIUM trial.
Invasive fungal infections, particularly those caused by Candida species, are common in hospitalized, immunocompromised, or critically ill patients and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality.
The oral prodrug tebipenem pivoxil hydrobromide (TBP-PI-HBr) was as effective as intravenous ertapenem in clearing infection and achieving clinical cure in adult patients hospitalized with complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI) and acute pyelonephritis (AP), shows a head-to-head comparison study, ADAPT-PO.
Children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who received a shorter course of antibiotic therapy were more likely to achieve a more desirable outcome than those on a standard-course regimen, according to the SCOUT-CAP* trial presented at ID Week 2020.
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) seem to benefit from using chlorhexidine oral rinses twice daily as shown by the reduction in oral and sputum microbiota alpha diversity and by clinically significant improvements in COPD symptoms, according to a study presented at ID Week 2020.