Precision therapy for prostate cancer (PC) is becoming reality, with recent studies demonstrating efficacy of this approach in patients with metastatic castration-resistant PC (mCRPC) with certain DNA damage repair (DDR) alterations or PTEN loss.
A combined regimen of apatinib plus gefitinib as first-line treatment improves progression-free survival (PFS) vs placebo plus gefitinib in patients with advanced EGFR-mutant (EGFRm) non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), results of the phase III ACTIVE study have shown.
The combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib in the first-line setting conferred greater survival outcomes and responses compared with sunitinib in patients with clear cell advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial showed.
Adding abemaciclib to adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) resulted in improved invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) and distant relapse-free survival (DRFS) in women with hormone receptor (HR)+, HER2-negative, node-positive early breast cancer at high risk of recurrence, results of the phase III monarchE* trial showed.
The initial progression-free survival (PFS) improvement obtained with the addition of olaparib to bevacizumab was sustained beyond first progression, as reflected by the significant PFS2 benefit in women with newly diagnosed, advanced high‐grade ovarian cancer, according to the final PFS2 analysis of the phase III PAOLA-1*/ENGOT-ov25 trial.
The addition of pertuzumab to standard perioperative chemotherapy (CT) comprising FLOT* and trastuzumab led to a significant improvement in pathologic complete response (pCR) in patients with HER2+ resectable oesophagogastric adenocarcinoma – at the expense however of higher toxicity rates, results of the phase II/III PETRARCA/FLOT 6 trial have shown.
Adding nivolumab to chemotherapy in the first-line setting significantly improves survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with HER2-negative advanced gastric/gastroesophageal (G/GEJ) cancer or oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), shows the CheckMate 649 study presented at ESMO 2020.
Olaparib, a PARP* inhibitor used to treat ovarian and breast cancer, also extends overall survival (OS) of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) harbouring at least one mutation in BRCA1, BRCA2, or ATM, according to final report of the PROfound** study presented at ESMO 2020.
Durvalumab with or without tremelimumab in the first-line setting does not improve overall survival (OS) over standard-of-care (SoC) chemotherapy in patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma, according to the phase III DANUBE trial.
A combined regimen of atezolizumab and nanoparticle albumin-bound (nab)-paclitaxel (A+nP) improves overall survival (OS) vs placebo plus nab-paclitaxel (P+nP) in patients with previously untreated, inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic, PD-L1 immune cell (IC)–positive triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), according to the final analysis of the IMpassion130 study.
Diabetes is a key risk factor for heart failure (HF), which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with or without diabetes. SGLT-2* inhibitors (SGLT-2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization for HF (HHF) regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes.
The substitution of isoleucine to leucine at amino acid 97 (I97L) in the core region of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) seems to reduce its potency, decreasing the efficiency of both infection and the synthesis of the virus’ covalently closed circular (ccc) DNA, reports a new study presented at The Liver Meeting Digital Experience by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD 2020).