Treatment with the selective PARP* 1/2 inhibitor niraparib after a response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy significantly extends progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer, including those at high risk of relapse, according to the PRIMA** study presented at ESMO 2019.
Adding the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC), according to the IMvigor130* study presented at the ESMO Congress 2019.
The PD-1* inhibitor nivolumab showed significant survival benefit and a favourable safety profile than taxane chemotherapy in patients with unresectable advanced or recurrent oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) refractory or intolerant to previous fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy, according to the findings of ATTRACTION-3** presented at ESMO 2019.
A combination of the CDK 4/6 inhibitor abemaciclib with fulvestrant improved overall survival (OS) in patients with HR+, HER2- advanced breast cancer (ABC), with a trend toward improved outcomes in patients with poor prognosis, according to results of the phase III MONARCH 2* trial presented at ESMO 2019.
In patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receiving angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, high dosing confers benefits for the risk of death or hospitalization that are similar to that obtained with lower dosing, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Men who use calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are at risk of developing prostate cancer, and the risk increases with the duration of CCB exposure, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common condition affecting the joints. Dr Lee Eu Jin, an Orthopaedic Surgeon from Liberty Orthopaedic Clinic at Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore, shares his insights with Pearl Toh on how to manage OA in the primary care setting.