Men with HIV who are on testosterone therapy appear to have an elevated risk for significant coronary artery calcium progression (CAC) vs those who are not on it, according to a study released at CROI 20.
A once-weekly tuberculosis (TB) prevention regimen of isoniazid 900 mg and rifapentine 900 mg given for 3 months (3HP) resulted in higher treatment completion rates vs isoniazid daily for 6 months (6H) in patients with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART), a study released at CROI 2020 has shown.
The combination of dolutegravir (DTG)/emtricitabine (FTC)/tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) has superior virologic efficacy and safety compared with an efavirenz (EFV)/FTC/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) combination in pregnant women living with HIV (WLHIV), results of the IMPAACT 2010/VESTED* trial showed.
The second HIV patient to successfully undergo stem cell transplantation is still in remission, a good 30 months after stopping antiretroviral therapy (ART) — raising hope that curing HIV is a possibility.
The gap in overall life expectancy between people with HIV (PWH) and those without HIV has narrowed over time, particularly among optimally treated PWH. However, PWH still have fewer comorbidity-free years than those without HIV, according to a study presented at CROI 2020.
Children with HIV (HIV+) who switched to efavirenz had higher bone mass even after 4 years of switching compared with those who remained on an antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen comprising lopinavir and ritonavir, according to data presented at CROI 2020.
A long-acting (LA) injectable therapeutic regimen comprising the integrase strand-transfer inhibitor cabotegravir and the nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor rilpivirine shows therapeutic potential over an oral antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimen in adults with HIV-1, according to the week 96 results of the phase III FLAIR* trial.
Every-two-month injections of the long-acting cabotegravir + rilpivirine were noninferior to once-monthly injections for virologic suppression at 48 weeks in people living with HIV*, according to the ATLAS-2M** study presented at CROI 2020 — thus providing a potential option with more convenient dosing.
Monthly injections of the PCSK9* monoclonal antibody evolocumab effectively reduced plasma LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), often referred to as the bad cholesterol, in teenagers with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HeFH) already taking statins, with or without ezetimibe, the HAUSER-RCT has shown.
For individuals with type 2 diabetes, losing weight is everything when it comes to improving the metabolic function, and it matters little whether this is achieved by dieting or undergoing bariatric surgery, according to a small study.