Upfront combination therapy with metformin and the DPP-4* inhibitor vildagliptin may improve glycaemic durability in patients newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with sequential therapy with metformin monotherapy followed by vildagliptin, results from the VERIFY** trial showed.
The novel dual GIP* and GLP-1** receptor agonist tirzepatide demonstrated clinically meaningful improvements in glycaemic control and weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to data presented at EASD 2019.
The addition of the dual SGLT*1 and SGLT2 inhibitor sotagliflozin to insulin led to improvements in glycaemic control, body weight, and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in overweight/obese individuals with type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a post hoc analysis presented at EASD 2019.
In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled on metformin, semaglutide may have a greater impact than canagliflozin in reducing HbA1c levels and bodyweight, according to the phase IIIb SUSTAIN 8* trial presented at EASD 2019.
The incidence of cardiovascular (CV) death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), or nonfatal stroke (three-point MACE*) was comparable in individuals with early stage type 2 diabetes (T2D) who received the DPP-4** inhibitor linagliptin or the sulfonylurea glimepiride in addition to usual care, according to results of the CAROLINA*** trial.
Women who conceive singleton pregnancies following assisted reproductive technology (ART) may have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes than those who conceive spontaneously, according to results of a systematic review and meta-analysis presented at EASD 2019.
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Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.
Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harbouring sensitive EGFR mutations may fare well with the third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib as an upfront therapy, with the results of a network meta-analysis showing that the drug tops other currently available options in terms of progression-free survival and tolerability.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.