The 30-day mortality rates among patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) have decreased by more than half over the last decade, with significant differences between genders, a CENTER* collaboration analysis has shown.
The antithrombotic potency of ticagrelor alone on ex vivo whole blood thrombogenicity does not differ from that of ticagrelor plus aspirin in high-risk patients who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to the thrombogenicity substudy of the TWILIGHT* trial.
In patients with high-bleeding risk, undergoing PCI* with a polymer-based drug-eluting stent (DES) was noninferior to a polymer-free drug-coated stent (DCS) when followed by a 1-month dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), according to the Onyx ONE** trial presented at TCT 2019.
In low-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), those treated with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) had a significantly better disease-specific health status at 1 year compared with those who received surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR), according to the PARTNER 3* trial presented at TCT 2019.
Subgroup analyses of the GLOBAL LEADERS study showed similar treatment effects between ticagrelor and aspirin monotherapy following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with impaired renal function (IRF)* and diabetes.
Shorter courses of dual antiplatelet therapy do not perform worse than longer regimens, according to a recent study presented at the 31st Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium (TCT 2019).
Patients with severe aortic stenosis and intermediate surgical risk may benefit from either transcatheter (TAVR) or surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) through 5 years of follow-up, according to midterm data from the PARTNER 2A trial presented at the 31st Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium.
The efficacy of transcatheter mitral-valve repair with the MitraClip device plus guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) over GDMT only in reducing hospitalizations for heart failure (HHF) among patients with HF and secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) was sustained at 3 years, including in patients who crossed over from GDMT alone at 2 years, updated results of the COAPT* trial show.
Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.
Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harbouring sensitive EGFR mutations may fare well with the third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib as an upfront therapy, with the results of a network meta-analysis showing that the drug tops other currently available options in terms of progression-free survival and tolerability.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.