The addition of the first-in-class direct lytic agent exebacase (lysin CF-301) to standard-of-care (SOC) antibiotics demonstrated efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB), particularly difficult-to-treat methicillin-resistant SA (MRSA), compared with SOC antibiotics alone, according to the results of a phase II trial presented at ECCMID 2019.
The novel human monoclonal antibody suvratoxumab yielded a trend toward reducing the incidence of Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia (SAP) in high-risk, mechanically-ventilated intensive care unit (MV ICU) patients with an acceptable safety profile, according to data from the phase II SAATELLITE* trial presented at ECCMID 2019.
The selective cap-dependent endonuclease inhibitor baloxavir marboxil (hereafter baloxavir) effectively improves influenza symptoms in adolescent patients and those at high risk for influenza complications, according to two subanalyses of the CAPSTONE studies presented at ECCMID 2019.
The novel pleuromutilin antibiotic lefamulin - now in an oral therapy form - has demonstrated a favourable safety and tolerability profile for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) in the LEAP* 2 study, the same result seen for intravenous (IV) lefemulin in the original LEAP 1 study.
Many patients prescribed antibiotics for suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) in the emergency department (ED) may not actually require them, according to a single-centre study from the UK presented at ECCMID 2019.
The combination of the antipseudomonal cephalosporin, ceftolozane, and an extended-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor, tazobactam (ceftolozane/tazobactam), is noninferior to meropenem in the treatment of adults with ventilated nosocomial pneumonia (VNP), phase 3 data from the ASPECT-NP* trial have shown.
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Macrolide antibiotics are derived from the Streptomycesspecies. These contain either 14-membered (erythromycin [ERM],clarithromycin [CAM], roxithromycin [RXM]), 15-membered(azithromycin [AZM]) or 16-membered (spiramycin, josamycin,midecamycin) macrocyclic lactone rings. They inhibit proteinsynthesis by reversibly binding to the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)in the 50s subunit of the bacterial ribosome. Traditionally,macrolides are used as first-line agents in respiratory, skin,soft tissue, and urogenital infections, and they are also activeagainst gram-positive cocci and atypical pathogens.
Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harbouring sensitive EGFR mutations may fare well with the third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib as an upfront therapy, with the results of a network meta-analysis showing that the drug tops other currently available options in terms of progression-free survival and tolerability.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.