Kidney transplantation in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected donors and/or recipientshas become possible with the advent of antiviral therapies, but nephrologists should be aware of the potential risks of HBV flare and ensure that timely preventive measures are instituted.
Studies on the inorganic compound sodium zirconium cyclosilicate and the hypoxia inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) pathway inhibitor roxadustat have shown efficacy and safety for the management of hyperkalaemia and anaemia, respectively, among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.
Most immune-related toxicities resulting from lung cancer immunotherapy usually involve the skin, lungs, endocrine system and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and are manageable with immunomodulatory agents such as corticosteroids.
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Chronic pancreatitis patients taking antioxidants (AO) supplementation show a sustained increase in blood levels of AO, but no additional benefit is seen on endocrine and exocrine functions, markers of fibrosis, oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation, nutritional status, pain, and quality of life (QOL) when compared with those on placebo, according to a study.
Pneumonia is a common infection– affecting around 3,200 people inSingapore in 2016 – making it the thirdmost common cause of hospitalisation inthe country. Its common complications,especially with delayed or inappropriatetreatment, include bacteraemia andseptic shock, lung abscesses, pleuraleffusions, empyema, pleurisy, respiratoryfailure and renal failure.