Kidney transplantation in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected donors and/or recipientshas become possible with the advent of antiviral therapies, but nephrologists should be aware of the potential risks of HBV flare and ensure that timely preventive measures are instituted.
Studies on the inorganic compound sodium zirconium cyclosilicate and the hypoxia inducible factor prolyl hydroxylase (HIF-PH) pathway inhibitor roxadustat have shown efficacy and safety for the management of hyperkalaemia and anaemia, respectively, among chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients.
Most immune-related toxicities resulting from lung cancer immunotherapy usually involve the skin, lungs, endocrine system and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and are manageable with immunomodulatory agents such as corticosteroids.
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Switching from efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (EFV/FTC/TDF) to the new bictegravir/ emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) regimen maintained high rates of virological suppression in adults who are living with HIV*, according to a study presented at AIDS 2020.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) containing either long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB) or tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) is safe and effective for transgender women (TGW) and cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM), but CAB results in a much lower HIV incidence compared to TDF/FTC, results of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 083 have shown.
Monthly prophylaxis with the fixed-dose combination of naphthoquine-azithromycin (NQAZ) is well tolerated and confers significant protection against infection with Plasmodium parasites among individuals residing in malaria-endemic areas in Southeast Asia, as shown in the results of a phase III trial.