Aggressive dose de-escalation of radiotherapy provides similar efficacy and superior safety profile in patients with human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), according to a recent study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).
Hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) is equally effective and safe compared with conventional fractionated RT (CFRT) in Chinese breast cancer patients who have undergone mastectomy, according to a phase III study presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 2017 Annual Meeting. [ASTRO 2017, abstract 5]
Use of consolidative stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SAbR) prior to maintenance chemotherapy improves progression-free survival (PFS) by more than 6 months in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have limited metastases, a recent phase II study has shown. [ASTRO 2017, abstract LBA3; JAMA Oncol 2017, doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.3501]
Combination therapy with the CTLA-4 blocker, ipilimumab, and stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) is effective in cancers with metastatic lung and liver lesions, according to results presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).
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The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic appears to have a significant impact on oncological care, according to a study, which stresses the need for psycho-oncological support for cancer patients.
Sodium–glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors increase the risk for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) by almost threefold, with molecule-specific analyses suggesting a class effect, according to a study.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) containing either long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB) or tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) is safe and effective for transgender women (TGW) and cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM), but CAB results in a much lower HIV incidence compared to TDF/FTC, results of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 083 have shown.