Aggressive dose de-escalation of radiotherapy provides similar efficacy and superior safety profile in patients with human papilloma virus (HPV)-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), according to a recent study presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).
Hypofractionated radiotherapy (HFRT) is equally effective and safe compared with conventional fractionated RT (CFRT) in Chinese breast cancer patients who have undergone mastectomy, according to a phase III study presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 2017 Annual Meeting. [ASTRO 2017, abstract 5]
Use of consolidative stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SAbR) prior to maintenance chemotherapy improves progression-free survival (PFS) by more than 6 months in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have limited metastases, a recent phase II study has shown. [ASTRO 2017, abstract LBA3; JAMA Oncol 2017, doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.3501]
Combination therapy with the CTLA-4 blocker, ipilimumab, and stereotactic ablative radiation therapy (SABR) is effective in cancers with metastatic lung and liver lesions, according to results presented at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO).
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Switching from efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (EFV/FTC/TDF) to the new bictegravir/ emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) regimen maintained high rates of virological suppression in adults who are living with HIV*, according to a study presented at AIDS 2020.
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) containing either long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB) or tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) is safe and effective for transgender women (TGW) and cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM), but CAB results in a much lower HIV incidence compared to TDF/FTC, results of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 083 have shown.
Monthly prophylaxis with the fixed-dose combination of naphthoquine-azithromycin (NQAZ) is well tolerated and confers significant protection against infection with Plasmodium parasites among individuals residing in malaria-endemic areas in Southeast Asia, as shown in the results of a phase III trial.