Clinically severe obese individuals may be prone to nutritional deficiencies, with a large number having suboptimal vitamin D levels, according to a study from Singapore. The deficiencies may also differ by ethnicity.
The FOURIER trial previously demonstrated that adding the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor evolocumab to background statin therapy lowered LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) below target levels and significantly reduced the risks of cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). At the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Congress 2018 in Munich, Germany, experts reiterated how evolocumab helps lower LDL-C levels and reduces CV events even in patients with various comorbidities.
The duration of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) should be individualized based on ischaemic and bleeding risk of a particular patient, rather than focusing on a dualistic short- vs long-duration therapy thinking, advocates a leading expert during AFCC 2018.
The risk of hospitalization due to heart failure was almost halved in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation who underwent transcatheter mitral valve repair plus medical therapy compared with those who underwent medical therapy alone, according to findings of the COAPT* trial.
As the existing comprehensive recommendations for cancer control policies are mostly derived from Western countries, non-Western nations should strive to tailor their own policies based on their local lifestyle, burden of cancer and characteristics of the local healthcare system.
Effective treatment of cardiogenic shock requires a multifactorial approach, according to an expert at the recent ASEAN Federation of Cardiology Congress (AFCC 2018).
Newer molecular tests for high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) may provide a cost-effective means for cervical cancer screening for low-to-middle income countries (LMICs), with results comparable to cervical biopsies.