menopause%20-and-%20hormone%20therapy
MENOPAUSE & HORMONE THERAPY
Spontaneous/Natural menopause is the final menstrual period confirmed after 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea with no pathological cause.
Induced menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation after bilateral oophorectomy (ie surgical menopause) or iatrogenic ablation of ovarian function (eg pelvic radiation therapy, chemotherapy).
Perimenopause/Menopause transition/Climacteric is the duration when menstrual cycle & endocrine changes occur a few years before and 12 months after the final menstrual period resulting from natural menopause.
Premature menopause is menopause before 40 years of age whether natural or induced while early menopause is spontaneous or induced menopause that occurs before the average age of natural menopause at 51 years or under 45 years of age.

Menopause%20-and-%20hormone%20therapy News

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 28 Nov 2018
A low-carbohydrate diet increases energy expenditure during weight loss maintenance, consistent with the carbohydrate-insulin model, a study has shown. This metabolic effect may contribute to the success of obesity treatment, particularly among those with high insulin secretion.
Natalia Reoutova, 2 days ago

A hospital-based observational cohort study finds an association between higher fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels and unfavourable outcomes, including death, among Chinese patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) following acute ischaemic stroke (AIS).