Spontaneous/Natural menopause is the final menstrual period confirmed after 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea with no pathological cause.
Induced menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation after bilateral oophorectomy (ie surgical menopause) or iatrogenic ablation of ovarian function (eg pelvic radiation therapy, chemotherapy).
Perimenopause/Menopause transition/Climacteric is the duration when menstrual cycle & endocrine changes occur a few years before and 12 months after the final menstrual period resulting from natural menopause.
Premature menopause is menopause before 40 years of age whether natural or induced while early menopause is spontaneous or induced menopause that occurs before the average age of natural menopause at 51 years or under 45 years of age.
The use of an oestradiol patch in addition to oral intermittent micronized progesterone for 1 year helped prevent the development of depressive symptoms in women going through menopause, particularly those in the early stages of the menopause transition, a recent study found.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 April 2017 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
Abaloparatide increases bone mineral density (BMD) at the ultradistal radius along with lower risk of wrist fracture compared with placebo and teriparatide in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, according to a study presented at The Endocrine Society Annual Meeting (ENDO 2017) in Orlando, Florida, US.
A novel treatment targeting the neurokinin 3 receptor (NK3R) pathway with MLE4901, a NK3R antagonist, significantly reduces the frequency and severity of menopausal hot flushes, as well as the impact on daily life of menopausal women compared with placebo, according to a study presented at The Endocrine Society Annual Meeting (ENDO 2017) in Orlando, Florida, US.
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 30 November 2016 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
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Sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exert a putative epigenetic regulation of the protecting cardiovascular effect, reports a study, adding that dapagliflozin may protect the kidneys by preserving renal vasodilating capacity.
The Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society (MEMS) and Malaysian Diabetes Educators Society (MDES) jointly launched the For Your Sweetheart campaign—a nationwide endeavour to increase public awareness and to educate Malaysians about diabetes-related heart disease.