menopause%20-and-%20hormone%20therapy
MENOPAUSE & HORMONE THERAPY
Spontaneous/Natural menopause is the final menstrual period confirmed after 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea with no pathological cause.
Induced menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation after bilateral oophorectomy (ie surgical menopause) or iatrogenic ablation of ovarian function (eg pelvic radiation therapy, chemotherapy).
Perimenopause/Menopause transition/Climacteric is the duration when menstrual cycle & endocrine changes occur a few years before and 12 months after the final menstrual period resulting from natural menopause.
Premature menopause is menopause before 40 years of age whether natural or induced while early menopause is spontaneous or induced menopause that occurs before the average age of natural menopause at 51 years or under 45 years of age.
Drug Information

Indication: OC. Moderate acne vulgaris in women seeking OC. Symptomatic treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in wo...

Indication: Moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms associated w/ estrogen deficiency. Prevention & management of osteop...

Indication: Atrophic vaginitis, dyspareunia & kraurosis vulvae.

Indication: Amenorrhea, abnormal uterine bleeding due to hormonal imbalance in the absence of organic pathology eg, submuc...

Indication: Complaints resulting from natural or artificial menopause. Prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women ...

Angeliq
drospirenone + estradiol hemihydrate
2  /  4
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
06 Oct 2018
Supplementation with resistant starch for 12 weeks decreases the inflammatory marker tumour necrosis factor [TNF]-α and heart rate but does not significantly improve glycaemic control and other cardiovascular disease risk factors in prediabetic adults, suggests a study.
5 days ago
Use of the feminizing hormone therapy medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) results in minimal side effects, unchanged oestradiol levels and a decline in testosterone in a cohort of transwomen, a study has found.
29 Sep 2019
The duration and degree of overweight in adulthood appear to have lasting influence on breast and colorectal cancer survival, a study has found.
22 Jul 2019
The risk of diabetes mellitus is higher among postmenopausal women who develop primary breast cancer, reports a new study.