menopause%20-and-%20hormone%20therapy
MENOPAUSE & HORMONE THERAPY
Spontaneous/Natural menopause is the final menstrual period confirmed after 12 consecutive months of amenorrhea with no pathological cause.
Induced menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation after bilateral oophorectomy (ie surgical menopause) or iatrogenic ablation of ovarian function (eg pelvic radiation therapy, chemotherapy).
Perimenopause/Menopause transition/Climacteric is the duration when menstrual cycle & endocrine changes occur a few years before and 12 months after the final menstrual period resulting from natural menopause.
Premature menopause is menopause before 40 years of age whether natural or induced while early menopause is spontaneous or induced menopause that occurs before the average age of natural menopause at 51 years or under 45 years of age.
Drug Information

Dosage: Dysmenorrhoea 10 mg bd from day 5-25 of the cycle. Endometriosis 10 mg bd-tds from day 5-25 of the cycle or co

Dosage:  Hormone replacement therapy for women w/ disorders due to natural or surgically induced menopause w/ intact u

Indication: Premenstruation syndrome, postponement of menstruation, mastodynia, cycle disturbance associated w/ shortening...

Indication: Major depressive disorder.

Indication: Dietary supplement.

Indication: Disorders associated w/ progesterone deficiency eg, infertility due to inadequate luteal phase; for use during...

Indication: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) including premenstrual tension & depression. Luteal phase support as part of a...

Indication: Climacteric syndrome associated w/ natural or artificial menopause.

Gynoflor
estriol + lactobacillus acidophilus

Indication: Restoration of lactobacillus flora after anti-infective or chemotherapeutic agents; atrophic vaginitis due to ...

Indication: Complaints resulting from natural or artificial menopause. Prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women ...

1  /  4
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Endocrinology - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
07 Oct 2019
In pancreatic cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, the presence of diabetes mellitus is associated with reduced survival and larger tumour, as well as with increased risk of death after treatment, according to a meta-analysis.
Stephen Padilla, 07 Oct 2019
Almost half of Asian patients with dyslipidaemia and hypertension, as well as half of those on pharmacotherapy, have achieved their blood pressure (BP) treatment goals, a Singapore study has shown. Moreover, BP goal attainment is significantly associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) control.