meningitis%20-%20acute,%20bacterial
MENINGITIS - ACUTE, BACTERIAL

Acute meningitis is the infection of the subarachnoid space and cerebrospinal fluid by bacteria that may cause local and systemic inflammatory response.
There is the classic triad of symptoms of fever, neck stiffness and altered level of consciousness.
Other symptoms include chills, myalgia, photophobia, severe headache, focal neurologic symptoms, nausea, vomiting, seizures and some patients may present with rash.

 

Supportive Therapy

Supervise Patient Closely
  • Monitor vital signs and neurologic status regularly
    • Shock may develop in a patient with meningitis
    • Patients with a depressed sensorium and/or seizures may need intubation for airway protection or assisted ventilation
  • Maintain adequate nutrition and hydration
    • Due to a patient’s altered mental state, tube feeding may be necessary
Other Supportive Measures
  • Keep the patient’s surroundings quiet and semi-dark
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Infectious Diseases - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
01 Sep 2018
High body mass index (BMI) appears to increase the risk of and worsen the outcomes for seasonal influenza, a recent study has found.
19 Jul 2016
GPs play an important role in the diagnosis, management and referral of patients with pneumonia and are uniquely placed to implement preventive measures such as smoking cessation and vaccination.
31 Aug 2018
New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 16 - 31 August 2018 which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.
24 Dec 2015
Prevention of dengue through vaccination may be cost-effective in countries with heterogeneous risk of transmission, based on an analysis.