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MENINGITIS - ACUTE, BACTERIAL

Acute meningitis is the infection of the subarachnoid space and cerebrospinal fluid by bacteria that may cause local and systemic inflammatory response.
There is the classic triad of symptoms of fever, neck stiffness and altered level of consciousness.
Other symptoms include chills, myalgia, photophobia, severe headache, focal neurologic symptoms, nausea, vomiting, seizures and some patients may present with rash.

 

Supportive Therapy

Supervise Patient Closely
  • Monitor vital signs and neurologic status regularly
    • Shock may develop in a patient with meningitis
    • Patients with a depressed sensorium and/or seizures may need intubation for airway protection or assisted ventilation
  • Maintain adequate nutrition and hydration
    • Due to a patient’s altered mental state, tube feeding may be necessary
Other Supportive Measures
  • Keep the patient’s surroundings quiet and semi-dark
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