Acute meningitis is the infection of the subarachnoid space and cerebrospinal fluid by bacteria that may cause local and systemic inflammatory response.
There is the classic triad of symptoms of fever, neck stiffness and altered level of consciousness.
Other symptoms include chills, myalgia, photophobia, severe headache, focal neurologic symptoms, nausea, vomiting, seizures and some patients may present with rash.
A wide spectrum of neurological manifestations, including some unusual neurological disease presentations, has been identified in Singaporean children with enterovirus infections, according to a recent study. This results in a relatively low incidence of long-term neurological sequelae.