Acute meningitis is the infection of the subarachnoid space and cerebrospinal fluid by bacteria that may cause local and systemic inflammatory response.
There is the classic triad of symptoms of fever, neck stiffness and altered level of consciousness.
Other symptoms include chills, myalgia, photophobia, severe headache, focal neurologic symptoms, nausea, vomiting, seizures and some patients may present with rash.
Upper respiratory (UR) and atypical symptoms are more likely to occur in children with symptomatic pharyngitis and group A Streptococcus (GAS) on throat culture identified as carrier than those who are acutely infected, according to a study.
The second HIV patient to successfully undergo stem cell transplantation is still in remission, a good 30 months after stopping antiretroviral therapy (ART) — raising hope that curing HIV is a possibility.