measles
MEASLES
Measles, also known as rubeola, is a highly contagious disease caused by the measles virus Morbillivirus.
It is characterized by generalized maculopapular rash, fever, cough, rhinitis and conjunctivitis. Transmission is through respiratory tract or conjunctivae following contact with droplet aerosols.
It is highly communicable from 4 days before the rash up to 4 days after its onset.
The incubation period from exposure to prodrome averages 7-21 days.

Measles References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years-United States, 2008. MMWR. 2007;56(51&52):Q1-Q4. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5701a8.htm.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Measles. In: Atkinson W, Hamborsky J, McIntyre L, et al, eds. Epidemiology and prevention of vaccine preventable disease. 10th ed. 2nd printing. Washington, DC: Public Health Foundation; 2008.
  3. Mason WH. Measles. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, et al, eds. Nelson textbook of Pediatrics. 18th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, Elsevier; 2007.
  4. Maldonado YE. Rubeola virus (measles and subacute sclerosing panencephalitis). In: Long SS, Pickering LK, Prober CG. Principles and practice of pediatric infectious diseases. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2008.
  5. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
  6. Dyne P. Pediatrics, measles. eMedicine. http://www.emedicine.com/EMERG/topic389.htm. Dec 2007
  7. Fiebelkorn AP, Goodson JL. Measles (Rubeola). In: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow book: Infectious diseases related to travel; 2013 Aug. http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2014/chapter-3-infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/measles-rubeola. Accessed 04 Dec 2013.
  8. Marin M, Broder KR, Temte JL, Snider DE, Seward JF, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Use of combination measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010 May;59(RR-3):1-12. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr5903.pdf. PMID: 20448530
  9. McLean HQ, Fiebelkorn AP, Temte JL, Wallace GS; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention of measles, rubella, congenital rubella syndrome, and mumps, 2013: summary recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR Recomm Rep. 2013 Jun;62(RR-04):1-34. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr6204.pdf. PMID: 23760231
  10. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Measles (Rubeola). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. http://www.cdc.gov/measles/hcp/. May 2015.
  11. Communicable Diseases Network Australia (CDNA). Measles: national guidelines for public health units. Australian Government Department of Health website. http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/BD2AD79FD34BFD14CA257BF0001D3C59/$File/Measles-SoNG-final-April2015.pdf. Feb 2015.
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