Lung cancer is having a malignant tumor in the lungs especially in the cells lining air passages.
Primary tumor-related signs and symptoms are cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and chest discomfort.
Signs and symptoms due to intrathoracic spread may involve the nerves (hoarseness, dyspnea, muscle wasting of upper limb, Horner's syndrome), chest wall and pleura (chest pain, dyspnea) and vascular structures (facial swelling, dilated neck veins, cardiac tamponade) & viscera (dsyphagia).
The signs and symptoms due to metastatic spread are bone pain with or without pleuritic pain, neurologic symptoms, limb weakness, unsteady gait, cervical lymphadenopathy, and skin nodules.
While the use of broad-based genomic sequencing helped guide treatment in a small number of cases of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), it had no apparent impact on survival compared with EGFR and/or ALK mutation testing only, according to a US-based study.
Interstitial lung abnormalities (ILA), a common finding in low-dose chest CT, are associated with a 5.5-fold increase in risk of lung cancer over long-term follow-up, according to a study reported at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) International Congress 2018.
The recent “Best of ASCO” event in Singapore saw a battle of wits among leading oncologists in the region during an insightful debate session on the roles of immunotherapy and biomarkers in non-small–cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Matching targeted therapy to genetic alterations in the tumour improved response rate and long-term survival in patients with advanced cancer who underwent molecular profiling compared with patients who were unmatched to therapy, highlighting the role of molecular testing in precision medicine, the IMPACT* study shows.
Adding atezolizumab to a combination therapy of bevacizumab plus carboplatin and paclitaxel (CP) significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in chemotherapy-naïve patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small–cell lung cancer (NSCLC), irrespective of PD-L1 expression levels and EGFR or ALK alteration status, according to the IMpower150* trial presented at ASCO 2018.
Segmentectomy and lobectomy confer similar overall survival (OS) and lung cancer-specific survival (LCSS) among patients with primary nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) of ≤20 mm without lymph node or distant metastasis, a recent study has shown.
The addition of pembrolizumab to a pemetrexed-platinum chemotherapy regimen improved overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), findings from the phase III KEYNOTE-189* trial show.
Even in the long term, atezolizumab shows significant survival benefit over docetaxel for patients with advanced non-small–cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have previously been treated, regardless of PD-L1 expression levels or tumour histology, according to the POPLAR* study presented at the 2018 European Lung Cancer Congress (ELCC).
The next-generation TKI* alectinib maintains improvement in lung cancer symptoms for a longer duration than crizotinib, the current standard of care for patients with ALK-positive non-small–cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to new data from the ALEX** study presented at ELCC 2018.
Hybrid capture-based comprehensive genomic profiling (CGP) may have the capability to detect epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) point mutations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that were missed by standard-of-care molecular EGFR testing, a recent study found.