Lung cancer is having a malignant tumor in the lungs especially in the cells lining air passages.
Primary tumor-related signs and symptoms are cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and chest discomfort.
Signs and symptoms due to intrathoracic spread may involve the nerves (hoarseness, dyspnea, muscle wasting of upper limb, Horner's syndrome), chest wall and pleura (chest pain, dyspnea) and vascular structures (facial swelling, dilated neck veins, cardiac tamponade) & viscera (dsyphagia).
The signs and symptoms due to metastatic spread are bone pain with or without pleuritic pain, neurologic symptoms, limb weakness, unsteady gait, cervical lymphadenopathy, and skin nodules.
Combining the anti-PD-1 antibody sintilimab with a pemetrexed-platinum chemotherapy regimen improved survival outcomes in patients with locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), interim analysis of the phase III ORIENT-11* trial from China showed.
In patients with locally advanced or metastatic ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), treatment with the ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor ensartinib led to superior progression-free survival (PFS) compared with crizotinib, according to interim results of the phase III eXalt3* trial.
At a median follow-up of 22.9 months, atezolizumab plus carboplatin and etoposide (CP/ET), given as a first-line treatment, continued to demonstrate an improvement in overall survival (OS) vs placebo plus CP/ET in patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC), according to updated results of the IMpower133 trial presented at the American Association for cancer Research (AACR) 2020 Virtual Annual Meeting II.
Prior treatment with chemotherapy alone, chemotherapy plus immunotherapy, steroids or anticoagulants is associated with an increased risk of death in patients with thoracic cancer who develop coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), new data from the global TERAVOLT (Thoracic Cancers International COVID-10 Collaboration) registry have shown.
Comprehensive recommendations on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for cancer patients have become available following review of guidelines from 63 national/international oncology societies. [Lancet Oncol 2020, doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30278-3]
Patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have a past medical history of pneumonitis are at increased risk of treatment-related pneumonitis (TAP) from immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) regimens or chemotherapy alone, an analysis of clinical trial and real-world data has shown.
A week-long course of the centrally acting neurokinin-1 inhibitor aprepitant for treating cough in advanced lung cancer patients is effective and safe, producing significant improvements in cough severity and impact without increasing severe side effects, according to the results of a trial.
First-line treatment with the epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR TKI) dacomitinib demonstrated persistent survival benefit in patients with EGFR-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to updated results from the phase III ARCHER 1050* trial.
Adding pembrolizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy significantly improved survival and response to treatment compared with chemotherapy alone in the first-line setting for Chinese patients with metastatic, squamous non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the KEYNOTE-407* China Extension Study presented at the ESMO Asia 2019 Congress.
Gefapixant, a first-in-class non-narcotic, oral P2X3 receptor antagonist, significantly reduces cough frequency in patients with refractory or unexplained chronic cough, according to two COUGH* studies presented at ERS 2020.
Treatment with the DPP 1* inhibitor brensocatib prolonged time to exacerbation and reduced exacerbation rates in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, according to the phase II WILLOW** study presented at ERS 2020.
Almost three-quarters of adverse events (AEs) related to medication errors in over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold medications (CCMs) for paediatrics required evaluation by healthcare facility and majority of the cases were due to dosing errors, a surveillance study has found, highlighting the need for interventions to mitigate medication errors.