Lung cancer is having a malignant tumor in the lungs especially in the cells lining air passages.
Primary tumor-related signs and symptoms are cough, dyspnea, hemoptysis, and chest discomfort.
Signs and symptoms due to intrathoracic spread may involve the nerves (hoarseness, dyspnea, muscle wasting of upper limb, Horner's syndrome), chest wall and pleura (chest pain, dyspnea) and vascular structures (facial swelling, dilated neck veins, cardiac tamponade) & viscera (dsyphagia).
The signs and symptoms due to metastatic spread are bone pain with or without pleuritic pain, neurologic symptoms, limb weakness, unsteady gait, cervical lymphadenopathy, and skin nodules.
Dr. Jay Zhu, Dr. Lai Fung Li, Prof. Chae-Yong Kim,
27 Nov 2019
The current standard
of care for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), an aggressive primary brain tumour
with a rapid disease course, consists of maximum safe surgical resection
followed by radiotherapy with concomitant temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy and
subsequent TMZ maintenance. At the 16th Annual Meeting of the Asian
Society of Neuro-Oncology (ASNO) in Taipei, Taiwan, experts reviewed the
evidence and shared their clinical experience on the use of tumour treating
fields (TTFields), a novel treatment modality for GBM.