low%20back%20pain
LOW BACK PAIN
It is pain, stiffness, or discomfort in the lower back area below the costal margin & above the gluteal creases.
Low back pain is also called spinal pain or lumbago.
Nonspecific low back pain is without identifiable specific causes that makes up 85-90% of all low back pain cases.  It also includes pain felt in the proximal lower extremities
Patients with low back pain maybe associated with mobility deficits caused by severe or progressive neurologic disorders or comorbidities.
Specific spinal pathology includes cauda equina syndrome, tumor, infection, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory disorders.
Low back pain associated w/ radiculopathy or spinal stenosis are dermatomal pain w/ or w/o neurologic deficits that most often caused by nerve root compression.

Surgical Intervention

Invasive Procedures

  • Lumbar discectomy
    • May be considered for patients w/ chronic low back pain due to lumbar disc prolapse, protrusion or extrusion, herniated lumbar discs 
  • Spinal fusion
  • Decompression surgery
    • For symptomatic spinal stenosis, lumbar disc herniation
  • Neuroreflexotherapy
    • May be considered for patients w/ moderate-severe chronic low back pain
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Rheumatology digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
15 Sep 2018
Prenatal and postpartum vitamin D supplementation does not appear to improve foetal or infant growth, a study reports.
13 Sep 2018
Excessive daytime sleepiness appears to increase the long-term risk of amyloid β (Aβ) deposition, a recent study has shown.
Tristan Manalac, 2 days ago
The causes, presentations and management of anaphylaxis vary considerably with age, according to a recent Singapore study, which reported that children are more likely to present with food anaphylaxis, while drug anaphylaxis is more common in adults.
13 Sep 2018
Substituting diets high in carbohydrates with those high in monounsaturated fatty acids in the context of low saturated fatty acids do not appear to yield favourable effects on blood pressure, according to a meta-analysis.