It is pain, stiffness, or discomfort in the lower back area below the costal margin & above the gluteal creases.
Low back pain is also called spinal pain or lumbago.
Nonspecific low back pain is without identifiable specific causes that makes up 85-90% of all low back pain cases. It also includes pain felt in the proximal lower extremities
Patients with low back pain maybe associated with mobility deficits caused by severe or progressive neurologic disorders or comorbidities.
Specific spinal pathology includes cauda equina syndrome, tumor, infection, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory disorders.
Low back pain associated w/ radiculopathy or spinal stenosis are dermatomal pain w/ or w/o neurologic deficits that most often caused by nerve root compression.
The question of whether to exercise or not typically emerges in the setting of chronic pain, as patients fear that moving may contribute to exacerbate their condition. Yet, exercise does exert hypoalgesic effects on chronic pain conditions however variable these effects are, according to a senior physiotherapist who spoke at the Singapore Health & Biomedical Congress 2018.
Virtual reality (VR) dodgeball game appears to be a feasible and effective intervention to promote increased lumbar spine flexion in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients with high fear of movement, according to a study.
Reduced caloric intake results in a significant improvement in glucose metabolism and body-fat composition, including liver-fat content, according to a study. Changes in ferritin levels appear to mediate the striking reduction in liver fat.
A latest study at ISC 2019 shows that even patients with large-core stroke damage can have a good outcome after mechanical clot removal with endovascular thrombectomy (EVT), depending on the size of the infarct and time lapses between stroke onset and treatment.