It is pain, stiffness, or discomfort in the lower back area below the costal margin & above the gluteal creases.
Low back pain is also called spinal pain or lumbago.
Nonspecific low back pain is without identifiable specific causes that makes up 85-90% of all low back pain cases. It also includes pain felt in the proximal lower extremities
Patients with low back pain maybe associated with mobility deficits caused by severe or progressive neurologic disorders or comorbidities.
Specific spinal pathology includes cauda equina syndrome, tumor, infection, ankylosing spondylitis, inflammatory disorders.
Low back pain associated w/ radiculopathy or spinal stenosis are dermatomal pain w/ or w/o neurologic deficits that most often caused by nerve root compression.
The question of whether to exercise or not typically emerges in the setting of chronic pain, as patients fear that moving may contribute to exacerbate their condition. Yet, exercise does exert hypoalgesic effects on chronic pain conditions however variable these effects are, according to a senior physiotherapist who spoke at the Singapore Health & Biomedical Congress 2018.
The coexistence of fibromyalgia in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) exerts a negative effect on response to tumour necrosis factor blocker, according to a study. This effect appears to be associated with the self-reported instruments used in fibromyalgia evaluation rather than a different treatment effect of the agent in this population.