juvenile%20idiopathic%20arthritis
JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis was formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile chronic arthritis.
It presents as chronic joint swelling, pain with functional limitation for at least 6 weeks of unknown cause that starts before 16 year of age.
It is the most common autoimmune-autoinflammatory disease in children.
Around half of the children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis may have active disease until adulthood.

Juvenile%20idiopathic%20arthritis Signs and Symptoms

Introduction

  • Formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile chronic arthritis
  • Presents with arthritis of unknown cause that starts before age of 16 years and persists for at least 6 weeks after ruling out other diseases
  • Most common autoimmune-autoinflammatory disease in children
  • Differs from rheumatoid arthritis of the adults in terms of age at presentation, propensity to cause joint contractures and muscle wasting, and association with extraarticular manifestation
  • Around 50% of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) may have active disease until adulthood

Definition

  • Arthritis is a condition where there is joint effusion and has decreased range of motion, pain on movement and/or warmth on the joint
Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS JPOG - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 12 Oct 2018
Short-term daily consumption or probiotic lozenges containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12 confers benefits for gingival health, as well as reduces the plaque carriage of periodontal pathogens, in adolescent males, a study has shown.