juvenile%20idiopathic%20arthritis
JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis was formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile chronic arthritis.
It presents as chronic joint swelling, pain with functional limitation for at least 6 weeks of unknown cause that starts before 16 year of age.
It is the most common autoimmune-autoinflammatory disease in children.
Around half of the children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis may have active disease until adulthood.

Juvenile%20idiopathic%20arthritis Signs and Symptoms

Introduction

  • Formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile chronic arthritis
  • Presents with arthritis of unknown cause that starts before age of 16 years and persists for at least 6 weeks after ruling out other diseases
  • Most common autoimmune-autoinflammatory disease in children
  • Differs from rheumatoid arthritis of the adults in terms of age at presentation, propensity to cause joint contractures and muscle wasting, and association with extraarticular manifestation
  • Around 50% of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) may have active disease until adulthood

Definition

  • Arthritis is a condition where there is joint effusion and has decreased range of motion, pain on movement and/or warmth on the joint
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